Jefferson M. Fox

Senior Fellow, Research Program
Email Address: 
FoxJ [at]
PhD, Development Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Research Interests: 

Land cover/land-use change in Southeast Asia; Forest fragmentation and degradation; Community-based management of natural resources in South and Southeast Asia


Jefferson Fox is a Senior Fellow at the East-West Center. He received his Ph.D. in Development Studies from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1983. Dr. Fox's scholarship focuses on land-use and land-cover change in Asia and the possible cumulative impact of these changes on the region and the global environment. Dr. Fox has co-edited several books, most recently, People and the Environment: Approaches for Linking Household and Community Surveys to Remote Sensing and GIS (Kluwer Academic Press, 2003).

Ongoing research includes:

Dr. Fox formerly worked with watershed management projects in Nepal and lectured in the Geography Department at Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. He speaks Nepali and Bahasa Indonesia. He is a member of the affiliate graduate faculty in geography and anthropology, University of Hawaii.

Dr. Fox's curriculum vitae is available in pdf format.


Fox, J., J.B. Vogler, O.L. Sen, T. Giambelluca, and A. Ziegler. 2012. Simulating land-cover change in Montane Mainland Southeast Asia. Environmental Management 49 (4): 968-979. http:/dx.DOI 10.1007/s00267-012-9828-3.

Ziegler, A.D., J. Phelps, J.Q. Yuen, E.L. Webb, D. Lawrence, J.M. Fox, T.B. Bruun, S.J. Leisz, C. Ryan, W. Dressler, O. Mertz, U. Pascual, C. Padoch, L.P. Koh . 2012. Carbon outcomes of major land-cover transitions in SE Asia: Great uncertainties and REDD+ policy implications. Global Change Biology. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02747.x

van Vliet, N. O. Mertz, A. Heinimann, T. Langanke, U. Pascual, B. Schmook, C. Adams, D.  Schmidt-Vogt, P. Messerli, S. Leisz, J.C. Castella, L. Jørgensen, T. Birch-Thomsen, C. Hett, T. Bech-Bruun, A. Ickowitz, K. C. Vu, K. Yasuyuki, J.Fox, C. Padoch, W. Dressler, A. D. Ziegler. 2012. Trends, drivers and impacts of changes in swidden cultivation in tropical forest-agriculture frontiers: A global assessment. Global Environmental Change 22 (2): 418-429.

Mukul, S.A., A.M. Rashid, S.A. Quazi, M.B. Uddin, and J. Fox. 2012. Local peoples' responses to comanagement regime in protected areas: A case study from Satchari National Park, Bangladesh. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods 21(1): 16-29. DOI:10.1080/14728028.2012.669132.

Fox J, J.C. Castella and A.D. Ziegler. 2011. Swidden, Rubber and Carbon: Can REDD+ work for people and the environment in Montane Mainland Southeast Asia? CCAFS Working Paper no. 9. CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). Copenhagen, Denmark. Available online at:

Li, Z. and J. Fox. 2011. Mapping rubber tree growth in mainland Southeast Asia using time-series MODIS 250 m NDVI and statistical data Applied Geography 32: 420-432.

Ziegler, A.D., J.M. Fox, E.L. Webb, C. Padoch, S. Leisz, R. A. Cramb, O. Mertz, T.B. Brunn, and Tran Duc Vien. 2011. Recognizing Contemporary Roles of Swidden Agriculture in Transforming Landscapes of Southeast Asia. Conservation Biology, 25 (4): 846–848.

Evans, T.P., K. Phanvilay, J. Fox, and J. Vogler. 2011. An agent-based model of agricultural innovation, land-cover change and household inequality: the transition from swidden cultivation to rubber plantations in Laos PDR. Journal of Land Use Science.

Li, Z. and J. Fox. 2011 Integrating Mahalanobis typicalities with a neural network for rubber distribution mapping. Remote Sensing Letters 2(2): 157-166. First published on:13 October 2010.

Cuo, L., J. Vogler, J. Fox. 2010. Topographic normalization for improving vegetation classification in a mountainous watershed in Northern Thailand. International Journal of Remote Sensing.

Fox, J., J. Vogler, and M. Poffenberger. 2009. Understanding changes in land and forest resource management systems: Ratanakiri, Cambodia. Southeast Asian Studies 47(3):309-329.

Fox, J., Y. Fujita, D. Ngidang, N. Peluso, L. Potter, N.Sakuntaladewi, J. Sturgeon and D. Thomas. 2009. Policies, Political-Economy, and Swidden in Southeast Asia. Human Ecology. 37 (3) 305-322.

Mertz, O., C. Padoch, J. Fox, R. A. Cramb, S. J. Leisz, T. L. Nguyen, and D. V. Tran. 2009. Swidden Change in Southeast Asia: Understanding Causes and Consequences. Human Ecology. 37 (3): 259-264.

Ziegler, A.D., J. Fox and J. Xu. 2009. The Rubber Juggernaut. Science 324: 1024-1025.

Fox, J., D. McMahon, M. Poffenberger, and J. Vogler. 2008. Land for my Grandchildren: Land Use and Tenure Change in  Ratanakiri: 1989-2007. Community Forestry International, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

Fox, J. and A. Swamy. 2008. Introduction: Natural resources and ethnic conflicts in the Asia Pacific. Asia Pacific Viewpoint 49(1): 1-11.

Fox, J., K. Suryanata, P. Hershock, and A. Pramono. 2008. Mapping boundaries, Shifting Power: The socio-ethical dimensions of participatory mapping. In M. Goodman, M. Boykoff, K. Evered (eds.) Contentious Geographies: Environmental Knowledge, Meaning, Scale. Hampshire, England: Ashgate Publishing Ltd.

Ziegler, A., T. Giambelluca, D. Plondke, S. Leisz, L. Tran, J. Fox, M. Nullet, J. Vogler, D.M. Truong, T.D. Vien. 2007. Hydrological consequences of landscape fragmentation in mountainous northern Vietnam: Buffering of Hortonian overland flow. Journal of Hydrology 337:52-67.

Fox, J. and J. Vogler. 2005. Land-use and Land-cover Change in Montane Mainland Southeast Asia. Environmental Management 36 (3): 394-403.

Fox, J. 2002. Siam mapped and mapping in Cambodia: Boundaries, sovereignty, and indigenous conceptions of space.  Society and Natural Resources 15:65-78.

Fox J., Dao Minh Truong, A Terry Rambo, Nghiem Phuong Tuyen, Le Trong Cuc, and Stephen Leisz. 2000. Shifting cultivation: A new old paradigm for managing tropical forests. BioScience 50 (6): 521-528.

SHORT BIO: Jefferson Fox conducts research on land-use and land-cover change in Asia and the impact of these changes on the region and the global environment. Other areas of study include resource management systems and land cover transitions in Montane Mainland Southeast Asia — its role in altering regional hydrological processes under a changing climate; the ethics, values and practice of spatial information technology and society; and natural resources and violent ethnic conflict in the Asia Pacific region. He has worked formerly with watershed management projects in Nepal, and lectured in the Geography Department at Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. He is an affiliate graduate faculty in ­geography and anthropology at the University of Hawai‘i. He holds a PhD in development studies from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.