Dieter Ernst

Adjunct Senior Fellow, Research Program
ErnstD [at]
Area of Expertise: 

China’s industrial and innovation policies and their impact on the U.S. economy; Global production networks and R&D internationalization in high-tech industries and Asia’s emerging knowledge economies; Comparative study of intellectual property rights regimes and standardization policies in Asia (especially China) and the United States

Dieter Ernst is an Adjunct Senior Fellow at the East-West Center. Dr. Ernst is a former senior advisor to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Paris; a former research director of the Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy (BRIE), University of California at Berkeley, and a former professor of international business at the Copenhagen Business School. Dr. Ernst has co-chaired an advisory committee of the US Social Science Research Council to develop a new program on Innovation, Business Institutions and Governance in Asia. He has also served as scientific advisor to several institutions, among them the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development, the World Bank, the National Bureau for Asian Research, the U.N. Conference on Trade and Development, and the U.N. Industrial Development Organization. He holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University Bremen.

Short Bio

Dr. Dieter Ernst was senior advisor to the OECD, Paris; research director, Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy at the University of California at Berkeley; professor of international business, Copenhagen Business School; scientific advisor to governments, private companies and international institutions (World Bank, UN Conference on Trade and Development, UN Industrial Development Organization); and provided testimony to National Academy of Sciences, National Science Foundation, US-China Economic and Security Review Commission, Council on Foreign Relations, US Council of Scientific Society Presidents, US-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, US Social Science Research Council. Recent publications include Indigenous Innovation and Globalization—the Challenge for China's Standardization Strategy, 2011; China’s Innovation Policy is a Wake-up Call for America, 2011; A New Geography of Knowledge in the Electronics Industry?, 2009; and Can Chinese IT Firms Develop Innovative Capabilities within Global Knowledge Networks?, 2008; Innovation Offshoring—Root Causes of Asia’s Rise and Policy Implications, 2007.

Selected Publications

His recent books include Toward Greater Pragmatism? China’s Approach to Innovation and Standardization (2011),  Indigenous Innovation and Globalization: The Challenge for China’s Standardization Strategy (2011), China’s Innovation Policy Is a Wake-Up Call for America (2011), A New Geography of Knowledge in the Electronics Industry? Asia's Role in Global Innovation Networks (2009),  Innovation Offshoring-Asia's Emerging Role in Global Innovation Networks (2006), International Production Networks in Asia: Rivalry or Riches? (2000), and Technological Capabilities and Export Success - Lessons from East Asia (1998). 

Recent book chapters include "Global Production and Innovation Networks", 2011 in the Encyclopedia of Global Studies, edited by M. Juergensmeyer and H. Anheier, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA; "The complex interaction between global production networks, digital information systems and international knowledge transfers", (with Jan Fagerberg and Jarle Hildrum), 2011 in: C. Antonelli (ed), Elgar Handbook on the System Dynamics of Technological Change, Camberley Surrey, UK;  "Can Chinese IT Firms Develop Innovative Capabilities Within Global Knowledge Networks?", in: Greater China's Quest for Innovation (Marguerite Gong Hancock, Henry S.Rowen, and Willliam F. Miller, editors), Shorenstein Asia Pacific Research Center and Brookings Institution Press, 2008; "Innovation Offshoring-Root Causes of Asia's Rise and Policy Implications", Chapter 3 in: Palacio, Juan J.(Ed.), 2007, Multinational Corporations and The Emerging Network Economy in the Pacific Rim, Co-published with the Pacific Trade and Development Conference (PAFTAD), London: Routledge; "China's Emerging Industrial Economy-Insights from the IT Industry", (with B. Naughton), in: C. McNally (ed.), China's Emergent Political Economy-Capitalism in the Dragon's Lair, Routledge, 2007; "Searching for a New Role in East Asian Regionalization - Japanese Production Networks in the Electronics Industry", Chapter 7, in: Peter J. Katzenstein and Takashi Shiraishi, eds., Beyond Japan: The Dynamics of East Asian Regionalism, Cornell University Press Paperbacks, 2005; The New Mobility of Knowledge: Digital Information Systems and Global Flagship Network, in: Latham, R. and S. Sassen (eds.), Digital Formations: IT and New Architectures in the Global Realm, Princeton University Press, 2005; "Information technology in the learning economy: challenges for developing countries", (with Bengt-Ake Lundvall), in Erik S. Reinert, ed., Globalization, Economic Development and Inequality: An Alternative Perspective, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2004; "Global Production Networks in East Asia's Electronics Industry and Upgrading Perspectives in Malaysia", in Shahid Yusuf, M. Anjum Altaf and Kaoru Nabeshima (eds.), Global Production Networking and Technological Change in East Asia, The World Bank and Oxford University Press, 2004; "Digital Information Systems and Global Flagship Networks: How Mobile is Knowledge in the Global Network Economy?", in: J.F. Christensen (ed.), The Industrial Dynamics of the New Digital Economy, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 2003; and "Electronics Industry", in: The International Encyclopedia of Business and Management (IEBM), Handbook of Economics, editor: William Lazonick, International Thomson Business Press, London, 2002. 

Recent articles include China’s Position in the Global Semiconductor Value Chain—Still Playing Second Fiddle?, East-West Center Working Papers, Economics Series, no.125; Industrial Upgrading Through Low-Cost and Fast Innovation—Taiwan’s Experience, East-West Center Working Papers, Economics Series, no.126; "Upgrading through Innovation in a Small Network Economy: Insights from Taiwan's IT industry", Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Vol.19, No.4: p.295–324, 2010; Innovation Offshoring and Asia's Electronics Industry-the New Dynamics of Global Networks, International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development,Vol.1, No.4, 2008; Innovation Offshoring and Outsourcing: what are the implications for industrial policy, International Journal of Technological Learning, innovation and Development, 2008;  Asia's 'Upgrading through Innovation' Strategies and Global Innovation Networks: an extension of Sanjaya Lall's research agenda, in Transnational Corporations, Vol.17,No.3: P.31-57, December 2008, special issue Essays in Honor of Sanjaya Lall; Beyond the Global Factory Model: Innovative Capabilities for Upgrading China's IT Industry, International Journal of Technology and Globalization, Vol.3, No.4: p.437-460, 2007; The Offshoring of Innovation, Far Eastern Economic Review, 2006; Complexity and Internationalization of Innovation: Why is Chip Design Moving to Asia?, International Journal of Innovation Management, 2005; Limits to Modularity - Reflections on Recent Developments in Chip Design, Industry and Innovation, 2005; Pathways to Innovation in Asia's leading electronics-exporting countries - a framework for exploring drivers and policy implications, International Journal of Technology Management, 2005; Global Production Networks, Knowledge Diffusion and Local Capability Formation, (with Linsu Kim), Research Policy, special issue in honor of Richard Nelson and Sydney Winter, 2002; Global Production Networks and the Changing Geography of Innovation Systems: Implications for Developing Countries, Economics of Innovation and New Technologies, 2001; National Sovereign Economy, Global Market Economy, and Transnational Corporate Economy, (with Terutomo Ozawa), Journal of Economic Issues, 2002; and The Evolution of a Digital Economy: Research Issues and Policy Challenges, Economia e Politica Industriale, 2001.    

For a full listing of Dr. Ernst's publications, please email [email protected]

Research Projects

I. A New Geography of Knowledge? Asia's role in global innovation networks
II. Standards and innovation policy in the global knowledge economy
        – Core issues for China and the US (joint EWC/NBR project) 
III. China's evolving innovation system – policy, economics and the firm
        (MINERVA project, with UC San Diego)

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