Jefferson M. Fox

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Senior Fellow, Research Program
FoxJ [at] EastWestCenter.org
Phone: 
808.944.7248
Fax: 
808.944.7298
Education: 
Ph.D., Development Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Area of Expertise: 

Land cover/land-use change in Southeast Asia; climate variability, change, and risk; community-based management of natural resources in South and Southeast Asia; forest fragmentation and degradation; spatial information technologies and society

Jefferson Fox is a Senior Fellow in the Research Program at the East-West Center. He previously served as the Director of Research. He conducts research on land-use and land-cover change in Asia and the impact of these changes on the region and the global environment. Other areas of study include resource-management systems and land-cover transitions in Montane Mainland Southeast Asia—their role in altering regional hydrological processes under a changing climate; the ethics, values, and practice of spatial information technology and society; and natural resources and violent ethnic conflict in the Asia Pacific region. He has worked with watershed management projects in Nepal, and lectured in the Geography Department at Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. He is an affiliate graduate faculty member in ­geography and anthropology at the University of Hawai‘i. He holds a Ph.D. in development studies from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and speaks Nepali and Bahasa Indonesia.

Ongoing research includes:

Dr. Fox's curriculum vitae is available in pdf format.

Selected Publications

2019

Hurni, Kaspar, Jamon Van Den Hoek and Jefferson Fox (2019). Assessing the spatial, spectral, and temporal consistency of topographically corrected Landsat time series composites across the mountainous forests of Nepal. Remote Sensing of Environment. 231:111225.

2018

Baird, Ian G., William Noseworthy, Nghiem Phuong Tuyen, Le Thu Ha, and Jefferson Fox (2018). Land grabs and labour: Vietnamese workers on rubber plantations in southern Laos. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography. 40 (1): 50-70.

Fox, Jefferson, Tuyen Nghiem, Kimkong Ham, Kaspar Hurni, and Ian G. Baird (2018). Large-scale land concessions, migration, and land use: The paradox of industrial estates in the Red River Delta of Vietnam and rubber plantations of Northeast Cambodia. Land. 7(2): 1-17.

Hurni, Kaspar, and Jefferson Fox (2018). The expansion of tree-based boom crops in Mainland Southeast Asia: 2001 to 2014. Journal of Land Use Science. 13(1-2): 198-219.

Nong, Huu Duong, Christopher A. Lepczyk, Tomoaki Miura, and Jefferson Metz Fox (2018). Quantifying urban growth patterns in Hanoi using landscape expansion modes and time series spatial metrics. PloS ONE. 13(5): e0196940.

Saksena, Sumeet, Chinh Cong Tran, and Jefferson Fox (2018). Household cooking fuel use in rural and peri-urban Viet Nam: A multilevel longitudinal analysis of supply side factors. Energy for Sustainable Development. 44:47-54.

2017

Finucane, Melissa L., Nghiem Tuyen, Sumeet Saksena, James H. Spencer, Jefferson M. Fox, Nguyen Lam, Trinh Dinh Thau, Tran Duc Vien, and Nancy Davis Lewis (2017). Perceived risk of Avian Influenza in poultry and urbanization in northern Vietnam: Results from a household survey. EcoHealth. 14(1): 144-54.

Hurni, Kaspar, Annemarie Schneider, Andreas Heinimann, Nong Huu Duong, and Jefferson Fox (2017). Mapping the expansion of boom crops in mainland Southeast Asia using dense time stacks of Landsat data. Remote Sensing. 9(4): 320-26.

Prescott, Graham W., William J. Sutherland, Daniel Aguirre, Matthew Baird, Vicky Bowman, Jake Brunner, Grant M. Connette, Martin Cosier, David Dapice, Jose Don T. De Alban, Alex Diment, Julia Fogerite, Jefferson Fox, Win Hlaing, Saw Htun, Jack Hurd, Katherine LaJeunesse Connette, Felicia Lasmana, Cheng Ling Lim, Anthony Lynam, Aye Chan Maung, Benjamin McCarron, John F. McCarthy, William J. McShea, Frank Momberg, Myat Su Mon, Than Myint, Robert Oberndorf, Thaung Naing Oo, Jacob Phelps, Madhu Rao, Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt, Hugh Speechly, Oliver Springate-Baginski, Robert Steinmetz, Kirk Talbott, Maung Maung Than, Tint Lwin Thaung, Salai Cung Lian Thawng, Kyaw Min Thein, Shwe Thein, Robert Tizard, Tony Whitten, Guy Williams, Trevor Wilson, Kevin Woods, Alan D. Ziegler, Michael Zrust, and Edward L. Webb (2017). Political transition and emergent forest-conservation issues in Myanmar. Conservation Biology. 31(6): 1257-70.

Shirai, Yuko, Jefferson Fox, Stephen J. Leisz, Hayao Fukui, and A. Terry Rambo (2017). The influence of local non-farm employment on rural household structure in northeast Thailand. Journal of Rural Studies. 54:52-59.

Shirai, Yuko, Stephen J. Leisz, Jefferson Metz Fox, and A. Terry Rambo (2017). Rural household characteristics and agricultural activities in relation to local non-farm employment: A comparative study of two wet-rice-growing villages in northeast Thailand. Khon Kaen Agriculture Journal. 45(4): 721-30.

2016

Fox, Jefferson (2016). Community forestry, labor migration, and agrarian change in a Nepali village: 1980 to 2010. Journal of Peasant Studies. 45(3): 610-629.

Giambelluca, Thomas W., Ryan G. Mudd, Wen Liu, Alan D. Ziegler, Nakako Kobayashi, Tomo'omi Kumagai, Yoshiyuki Miyazawa, Tiva Khan Lim, Maoyi Huang, Jefferson Fox, Song Yin, Sophea Veasna Mak, Poonpipope Kasemsap (2016). Evapotranspiration of rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) cultivated at two plantation sites in Southeast Asia. Water Resources Journal. DOI: 10.1002/2015WR017755.

Tran, Chinh C., John F. Yanagida, Sumeet Saksena, and Jefferson Metz Fox (2016). An alternative vaccination approach for the prevention of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Subtype H5N1 in the Red River Delta, Vietnam—a geospatial-based cost-effectiveness analysis. Veterinary Sciences. 3 (1): 6-20.

2015

Ahrends, Antje, Peter M. Hollingsworth, Alan D. Ziegler, Jefferson M. Fox, Huafang Chen, Yufang Su, and Jianchu Xu (2015). Current trends of rubber plantation expansion may threaten biodiversity and livelihoods. Global Environmental Change 34:48-58.

Baird, Ian G., and Jefferson Fox (2015). How land concessions affect places elsewhere: Telecoupling, political ecology, and large-scale plantations in Southern Laos and Northeast Cambodia. Land 4(2): 436-53.

Nong, Duong H., Jefferson Fox, Tomoaki Miura, and Sumeet Saksena (2015). Built-up area change analysis in Hanoi using support vector machine classification of Landsat multi-temporal image stacks and population data. Land. 4(4): 1213–31.

Saksena, Sumeet, Jefferson Fox, Michael Epprecht, Chinh C. Tran, Duong H. Nong, James H. Spencer, Lam Nguyen, Melissa L. Finucane, Vien D. Tran, and Bruce A. Wilcox (2015). Evidence for the convergence model: The emergence of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) in Viet Nam. PLoS ONE 10(9): e0138138. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0138138.Fox, J., J.B. Vogler, O.L. Sen, T. Giambelluca, and A. Ziegler. 2012. Simulating land-cover change in Montane Mainland Southeast Asia. Environmental Management 49 (4): 968-979. http:/dx.DOI 10.1007/s00267-012-9828-3.

2014

Castrence, Miguel, Duong H. Nong, Chinnh C. Tran, Luisa Young, and Jefferson Fox (2014). Mapping urban transitions using multi-temporal Landsat and DMSP-OLS night-time lights imagery of the Red River Delta in Vietnam. Land 3(1): 148-66.

Choenkwan, Sukanlaya, Jefferson M. Fox, and A. Terry Rambo (2014). Agriculture in the mountains of northeastern Thailand: Current situation and prospects for development. Mountain Research and Development 34(2): 95-106.

Finucane, Melissa L., Tuyen Nghiem, Sumeet Saksena, Lam Nguyen, Jefferson Fox, James H. Spencer, and Trinh Dinh Thau (2014). An exploration of how perceptions of the risk of avian influenza in poultry relate to urbanization in Vietnam. EcoHealth 11(1); 73-82.

Fox, Jefferson (2014). Through the technology lens: The expansion of rubber and its implications in Montane Mainland Southeast Asia. Conservation and Society 12(4): 418-24.

Fox, Jefferson, Jean-Christophe Castella, and Alan D. Ziegler (2014). Swidden, rubber, and carbon: Can REDD+ work for people and the environment in Montane Mainland Southeast Asia? Global Environmental Change 29:318-26.

Fox, Jefferson, Jean-Christophe Castella, Alan D. Ziegler, and Sidney B. Westley (2014). Expansion of rubber mono-cropping and its implications for the resilience of ecosystems in the face of climate change in Montane Mainland Southeast Asia. Global Environmental Research 18(2): 145-50.

Kontgis, Caitlin, Annemarie Schneider, Jefferson Fox, Sumeet Saksena, James H. Spencer, and Miguel Castrence (2014). Monitoring peri-urbanization in the greater Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area. Applied Geography 53:377-88.

Saksena, S., J. Fox, J. Spencer, M. Castrence, M. DiGregorio, M. Epprecht, N. Sultana, M. Finucane, L. Nguyen, and T.D. Vien (2014). Classifying and mapping the urban transition in Vietnam. Applied Geography 50: 80-89.

2013

Fox, Jefferson, and Jean-Christophe Castella (2013). Expansion of rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) in mainland Southeast Asia: What are the prospects for small holders? Journal of Peasant Studies 40(1): 155-70.

Sen, Omer L., Deniz Bozkurt, John B. Vogler, Jefferson Fox, Thomas W. Giambelluca, and Alan D. Ziegler (2013). Hydro-climatic effects of future land-cover/land-use change in montane mainland Southeast Asia. Climate Change. 118(2): 213–26.

Tran, Chinh C., Russell S. Yost, John F. Yanagida, Sumeet Saksena, Jefferson Fox, and Nargis Sultana (2013). Spatio-temporal occurrence modeling of highly pathogenic avian influenza subtype H5N1: A case study in the Red River Delta, Vietnam. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 2(4): 1106–21.

2012

Fox, Jefferson, John Vogler, Omer Sen, T. Giambelluca, and A. Ziegler (2012). Simulating land-cover change in Montane Mainland Southeast Asia. Environmental Management 49(5): 968-79.

2011

Li, Zhe, and Jefferson Fox (2011). Mapping rubber tree growth in mainland Southeast Asia using time-series MODIS 250 m NDVI and statistical data. Applied Geography 32(2): 420–32.

2009

Fox, J., Y. Fujita, D. Ngidang, N. Peluso, L. Potter, N.Sakuntaladewi, J. Sturgeon, and D. Thomas (2009). Policies, political-economy, and swidden in Southeast Asia. Human Ecology 37(3) 305–22.

Fox, J., J. Vogler, and M. Poffenberger. 2009. Understanding changes in land and forest resource management systems: Ratanakiri, Cambodia. Southeast Asian Studies 47(3):309-329.

Mertz, O., C. Padoch, J. Fox, R.A. Cramb, S.J. Leisz, T.L. Nguyen, and D.V. Tran (2009). Swidden change in Southeast Asia: Understanding causes and consequences. Human Ecology 7(3): 259–64.

Ziegler, Alan D., Jefferson M. Fox, and Jianchu Xu (2009). The rubber juggernaut. Science 324(5930): 1024–25.

2008

Fox, J., D. McMahon, M. Poffenberger, and J. Vogler (2008). Land for my grandchildren: Land use and tenure change in Ratanakiri: 1989–2007. Phnom Penh, Cambodia: Community Forestry International.

Fox, J. and A. Swamy. 2008. Introduction: Natural resources and ethnic conflicts in the Asia Pacific. Asia Pacific Viewpoint 49(1): 1-11.

Fox, J., K. Suryanata, P. Hershock, and A. Pramono. 2008. Mapping boundaries, Shifting Power: The socio-ethical dimensions of participatory mapping. In M. Goodman, M. Boykoff, K. Evered (eds.) Contentious Geographies: Environmental Knowledge, Meaning, Scale. Hampshire, England: Ashgate Publishing Ltd.

2005

Fox, Jefferson, and John B. Vogler (2005). Land-use and land-cover change in Montane Mainland Southeast Asia. Environmental Management 36(3): 394-403.

2002

Fox, Jefferson (2002). Siam mapped and mapping in Cambodia: Boundaries, sovereignty, and indigenous conceptions of space.  Society and Natural Resources 15:65-78.

2000

Fox J., Dao Minh Truong, A Terry Rambo, Nghiem Phuong Tuyen, Le Trong Cuc, and Stephen Leisz. 2000. Shifting cultivation: A new old paradigm for managing tropical forests. BioScience 50 (6): 521-528.
 

SHORT BIO: Jefferson Fox is a Senior Felloow at the East-West Center. He conducts research on land-use and land-cover change in Asia and the impact of these changes on the region and the global environment. Other areas of study include resource-management systems and land-cover transitions in Montane Mainland Southeast Asia—their role in altering regional hydrological processes under a changing climate; the ethics, values, and practice of spatial information technology and society; and natural resources and violent ethnic conflict in the Asia Pacific region. He has worked with watershed management projects in Nepal, and lectured in the Geography Department at Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. He is an affiliate graduate faculty in ­geography and anthropology at the University of Hawai‘i. He holds a Ph.D. in development studies from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and speaks Nepali and Bahasa Indonesia.