Presenter Profiles -- Regional Core Issues 2004

Charles Morrison
“Community Building in the Asia Pacific”

President of the East-West Center since August 1, 1998, Dr. Charles Morrison has had extensive involvement in the conceptualization, organization, and funding of policy-oriented educational research and dialogue projects in both Japan and the United States, and has long been involved in promoting the concept of Asia Pacific community.

He is a founding member of the U.S. Asia Pacific Council, the U.S. National Committee for Pacific Economic Cooperation, and member of the U.S. Committee for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific. He was a past chair of the U.S. National Consortium of APEC Study Centers and Co-director of the East-West Center-University of Hawaii APEC Study Center. A former director of the Center's Program on International Economics and Politics as well as a former U.S. Senate aide, he has also served as Research Adviser to two bi-national Japan-U.S. Commissions.

Some of his ongoing projects include APEC trade and development cooperation, the New Generation Seminar (exchange program for young leaders), the Congressional Study Group on Japan, the Congressional Study Group on the Pacific Islands, and the Asia Pacific Security Outlook. He also co-edits the annual Asia-Pacific Security Outlook series.

Dr. Morrison has been quoted frequently by major news media in the region on issues of regional cooperation, international relations, U.S. Asia policy and trade policies, U.S.-Japan relations, and Asian economic issues. He is the author of a wide range of books, papers and analyses.

Dr. Morrison received his Ph.D. from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), specializing in Asian international relations. Publications in recent years include: Japan, ASEAN, and East Asia from an American Perspective; “Community Building with Pacific Asia” (report to the Trilateral Commission); “ASEAN: Forum, Caucus & Community”; “Asia-Pacific Crossroads: Regime Creation and the Future of APEC”; and “Development Cooperation in the 21st Century: Implications for APEC,” in Asia-Pacific Security Outlook, 2003.

Namji Steinemann
“Interculturalism, Power, and Legitimacy”

Namji Steinemann currently serves a dual appointment as Director of the East-West Center’s AsiaPacificEd Program for schools and as Associate Director of the East-West Center’s Education Program. Prior to joining the East-West Center, she spent several years as the Vice President of the Education Division at the Asia Society in New York, where she directed the National Commission on Asia in the Schools. The Commission outlined recommendations and strategies aimed at improving instruction and learning about Asia in K-12 schools. At the East-West Center, she coordinates such projects as International Education Week; oversees awards and scholarships for educators; and directs the Committee on Teaching About Asia, which organizes workshops, seminars, and institutes designed to promote the teaching of Asia-Pacific themes in primary and secondary schools. Ms. Steinemann is a board member of the North Carolina Center for International Understanding, a Book Review Committee member of the National Council of Social Sciences, and has presented at the UNESCO Global Education Forum and the Association for Asian Studies. She grew up in North Carolina, taught in Korea, and for several years was a Peace Corps volunteer and trainer in Thailand.

Roger Ames
“Dualities and Communities”

Dr. Roger Ames is a Professor of Philosophy, former Director of the Center for Chinese Studies (1991-2000), and Co-director of the Asian Studies Development Program at the University of Hawaii. He studied at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, the University of British Columbia (B.A. in Philosophy and Chinese, M.A.), National Taiwan University (M.A.), Osaka University of Foreign Studies, Tokyo University of Education, and the University of London (Ph.D.). Other honors include the University of Hawaii Regent's Medal for Excellence in Teaching, an Honorary Doctorate of Letters from Okanagan University College, and grants from the Fulbright Commission and the National Endowment for the Humanities. His teaching and research interests focus on comparative philosophy, the philosophy of culture, environmental philosophy, classical Confucianism, and Daoism.

Dr. Ames serves as editor of Philosophy East and West and was executive editor/co-founder of China Review International, Hawaii’s innovative journal of reviews of scholarly literature in Chinese studies. A prolific scholar, he has authored, coauthored, and edited 27 books, 50 book chapters, and 65 articles in various journals. His recent publications include translations of Chinese classics: Sun-tzu: The Art of Warfare (1993), Sun Pin: The Art of Warfare (with D.C. Lau, 1996), Tracing Dao to its Source (with D.C. Lau, 1997), The Analects of Confucius (with H. Rosemont, 1998), and Focusing the Familiar: A Translation and Philosophical Interpretation of the Zhongyong (with David L. Hall, 2001).
Other books include interpretative studies of Chinese philosophy and culture: Thinking Through Confucius (1987), Anticipating China: Thinking Through the Narratives of Chinese and Western Culture (1995), and Thinking From the Han: Self, Truth, and Transcendence in Chinese and Western Culture (1997) (all with David L. Hall). Recently he has undertaken several projects that entail the intersection of contemporary issues and cultural understanding, including Democracy of the Dead: Dewey, Confucius, and the Hope for Democracy in China (with David L. Hall, 1999).

Len Andaya
“Malay Meta-narratives”

Dr. Leonard Andaya is Professor of Southeast Asian History at the University of Hawaii, and author of numerous works on Indonesian, Bugis, and Malay history and culture. He earned a B.A. (magna cum laude) from Yale University and received his M.A. and Ph.D. from Cornell University’s Department of Southeast Asian Studies. He was a Senior Fellow at the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study in 2000; a Senior Research Fellow at Leiden University in 1998; and directed the 2002 Asian Studies Development Program Summer Institute (ASDP) on Southeast Asian Studies. His research and teaching interests focus on the history of pre-modern Southeast Asia (esp. Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines) and the process of ethnic identity formation in the early modern period (1500-1800). Some of his publications include: “Ethno-Nation, Nation-State and Regionalism in Southeast Asia,” Global Area Studies for the 21st Century (Kyoto, Center for Southeast Asian Studies, 1996); "The Bugis-Makassar Diasporas," Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (1995); The World of Maluku: Eastern Indonesia in the Early Modern Period (Honolulu: UH Press,1993); "Malay Peninsula," in Encyclopedia of Islam, New edition, Vol. VI. (1987); and A History of Malaysia, 2nd ed. (with Barbara Watson Andaya, 2001).

Barbara Andaya
“Legitimacy, Gender, and Power in Southeast Asia”

Dr. Barbara Watson Andaya, the author or co-author of five books on Indonesia and of numerous papers and articles on Southeast Asia, has taught Asian history at the University of Hawaii’s School of Hawaiian, Asian and Pacific Studies (SHAPS) since 1994. The recipient of numerous grants and fellowships—including the prestigious Guggenheim Fellowship in 1999 to pursue work on "A Gendered History of Early Modern Southeast Asia”—Dr. Andaya will be appointed President of the Association of Asian Studies (AAS) in 2005 after serving as Vice President in 2004 and council member since 1998. She has studied at the University of Sydney (B.A.), the University of Hawaii (M.A.), and Cornell University (Ph.D.). Her research/teaching specializations are: women and gender in early modern Southeast Asia; social issues in contemporary Southeast Asia; and religious change in Southeast Asia (ca. 1500-present). Major publications include: A History of Malaysia, 2nd ed., with Leonard Andaya. (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2001); Other Pasts: Women, Gender and History in Early Modern Southeast Asia (Honolulu: Center for Southeast Asian Studies, 2000); and To Live as Brothers: Southeast Sumatra in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1993).

Peter Xenos
“Demography and Transitions”

Dr. Peter Xenos is Affiliate Graduate Faculty in the Department of Sociology, Population Studies Program, and the Department of Anthropology at the University of Hawaii; a member of the Executive Committee, Center for Southeast Asian Studies and Center for Philippine Studies, University of Hawaii; and a Senior Fellow in the Population Studies program at the East-West Center. He earned his B.A. from Marquette University, M.A. from the University of the Philippines as a Fulbright Scholar, and Ph.D. from the University of Chicago.

Dr. Xenos has focused in recent years on a program of research into the living conditions, problems, behaviors and contribution to development of youth in Asian societies. Against the background of a rapidly changing social demography of youth [e.g.: Asian Marriage Patterns in Transition (1980), Trends in Female and Male Age at Marriage and Celibacy in Asia (1992), The social Demography of Asian Youth: a Reconstruction over 1950-1990 and Projections to 2025 (1998), he has focused on issues relating to the emergence of adolescence as a social condition and stage of life, on the policy-recognition of this emergence [e.g.: Youth, Sexuality and Public Policy in Asia: A Research Perspective (1990); Family and Population Policy in Less Developed Countries (1992)] and particularly on topics relating to the rise of pre-marital sexuality and other forms of youth risk-taking behavior [AIDS in Asia: the Gathering Storm (1994)]. This interest has been pursued through a series of survey research activities in Asia, designed to collect baseline information on the sexuality and the reproductive health knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of youth in Hong Kong, the Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, and Nepal. Topics include adolescent sexuality [Adolescent Sexuality in the Philippines (1999)], the behaviors and social institutions surrounding sexual experience before marriage, the impact of population education on the young, and attitudes toward government population policies, abortion, homosexuality, and emergent gender differentiations among the young.

These research activities have involved a network of Asian and U.S. investigators into youth reproductive health issues. This network’s accumulation of experience in data collection and analysis has led to two further lines of activity. On the substantive side, the network is presently engaged in a comparative investigation of Asian Young Adult Reproductive Risk [AYARR Research Project] based on the surveys listed above and others. On the methodological side, carrying out national surveys in a variety of cultural and political settings has generated many lessons, both positive and negative, that are being codified and disseminated to other researchers through workshops. Prominent among these are workshops in the Summer Seminar on Population, which is sponsored annually by Population and Health Studies at the East-West Center. The most recent of these workshops (1999) was titled Researching Sensitive Issues in Sexuality and Reproductive Health.
Since 1995, Dr. Xenos has been the overall Coordinator of the Summer Seminar on Population, Summer Seminar, which takes place in Honolulu, Hawaii. The three individual workshops comprising each year's Summer Seminar are often coordinated by qualified persons outside the East-West Center. Anyone interested in contributing to the design of future Summer Seminar workshops should contact Dr. Xenos with their workshop ideas.

Dr. Xenos has had a continuing interest in long-term social change across Asia. This is reflected in a line of research aimed at depicting changes over many decades of the twentieth century [e.g.: Social Origins and Sex-Differential Schooling in the Philippines (1981); Asian Marriage Patterns in Transition (1980)]; andTrends and Differentials in Nuptiality (1978)]. He has employed the methods of historical demography to study long-term social and demographic change in the Philippines based on that country’s local, Roman Catholic parish records as well as records housed in the Philippine National Archive and other important repositories [Demographic History: an Approach to the Study of the Filipino Past (1979)]. He published recently, with Dr. Daniel Doeppers, a collection of essays on Philippine historical demography entitled Philippine Population History: The Demographic Origins of the Modern Philippines (1998), which won the Manila Critic’s Circle book prize for 1999 in the Social Sciences. His interest in Southeast Asian historical demography has produced an introduction to that literature [Materials for the Demographic History of Southeast Asia] and a comprehensive bibliography [A Bibliography in Southeast Asian Historical Demography].

Andrew Mason
“Demography is Destiny?”

Dr. Andrew Mason is a Senior Fellow at the East-West Center, studying population economics, macroeconomics, and economic growth. He has been a Visiting Professor at the Institut d'Etudes de Politiques in Paris (1998), a Visiting Scholar at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1983-4), Director of the East-West Center’s Program on Population (1992-7), and currently serves as Vice President of the Association of National Census and Statistics Directors of America, Asia, and the Pacific.
His current research examines the impact of slowing population growth and aging on economic growth and income inequality. He recently completed a study of the impact of demographic change on rapid economic growth in East and Southeast Asia. The study, a collaborative effort of 30 scholars from Asia and the United States, yields convincing evidence that rapid fertility decline played an important role in the region's economic success between 1960 and 1990. Results of the study are presented in Population Change and Economic Development in East Asia: Challenges Met, Opportunities Seized available from the East-West Center or Stanford University Press.

Dr. Mason holds a B.A. from George Washington University and an M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Michigan. His publications include: Sharing the Wealth: Demographic Change and Economic Transfers between Generations (Editor, Oxford University Press, 2000); Population Economics, Demographic Transition, and Development: Research and Policy Implications (Editor, World Bank Institute, 1999); and Demographic Responses to Economic Adjustment in Latin America, (Editor, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1997).

Victor Ordonez
“Education and Change: Time for a Revolution”

Dr. Victor Ordonez, Senior Education Fellow at the East-West Center, is currently working to formulate a new program in Educational Leadership for the Center, based on collaborative sessions on new education paradigms for rapidly changing, interdependent societies. Formerly with UNESCO, first as Director of the Basic Education Division in Paris, and then as Director of its Principal Regional Office for the Asia Pacific, Dr. Ordonez has over the past few decades served in a variety of academic and diplomatic capacities. Prior to this, he was in the academe (Visiting Professor, UCLA; Dean of the Graduate Schools of Education and Business, De La Salle University, Manila) and in Philippine government (Undersecretary, Department of Education Culture and Sports; Chair, Presidential Commission on Education Reform; and others). His holds seven academic degrees, including a Ph.D. in Oriental Philosophy for the University of Santo Tomas, and his research interests include international development education, educational policy and management, and leadership in education.

Mike Douglass
“Civic Space in Asia”

Since 1986, Michael Douglass has been a professor of urban and regional planning at the University of Hawaii, with joint appointment (from 1994) at the East-West Center as Senior Fellow in the program on environment. He has also taught at UCLA (1990, 1992) and has been a Visiting Scholar at the Asia-Pacific Research Center, Stanford University; a Fellow at the Centre for Advanced Studies, National University of Singapore; and a Visiting Professor at the University of East Anglia (UK), the Institute of Social Studies (Netherlands), Thammasat University (Thailand), and Tokyo University. His research interests include globalization and urban policy, urban environmental management and rural-urban linkages, and environmental management and relationships between culture and power, with emphasis on Thailand, Indonesia, and Singapore.

Dr. Douglass holds a B.A. in international relations (cum laude) and Ph.D. in Urban Planning from the University California, Los Angeles, and an M.A. in political science from the University of Hawaii. His dissertation research was on regional integration and agrarian change in Thailand. His professional planning practice includes work with the UN Center for Regional Development in Japan (1977-79); the National Urban Development Strategy Project in Indonesia (1983-84); and the World Bank, evaluating transmigration programs and regional impacts of land-use changes in Indonesia (1985, 1987). He is moderately fluent in Indonesian, Japanese, and Korean.

Fereidun Fesharaki
“Energy Market Trends in the Asia Pacific”

Born in Iran, Dr. Fereidun Fesharaki attended the OPEC Ministerial Conferences in the late 1970s in his capacity as Energy Adviser to the Prime Minister of Iran. He has been an adviser to major oil companies, independent companies, trading companies, state-owned companies, and governments in the Middle East, Pacific Basin, and Latin America, as well as the U.S. government. In 1993, he served as President of the International Association for Energy Economics (IAEE), the key professional organization representing some 3,000 energy economists in more than 70 countries. He is on the editorial board of the Energy Policy Journal, Hydrocarbon Asia, International Energy and Resources Law and Policy Series, Energy Economics, Mexican Outlook on the Pacific Basin, Journal of Energy Finance & Development; and Energy - The International Journal. In 1989. he was elected a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and in 1995, a Senior Fellow of the U.S. Association for Energy Economics for distinguished service in the field of energy economics. Since 1991, he has been a member of the Advisory Board of Nippon Mitsubishi Oil Company of Japan, Advisory Board member of the Far East Oil Price Index based in Singapore, and member of the Pacific Council on International Policy.

Dr. Fesharaki’s research focuses on energy policy and planning in Asia, OPEC and the global outlook, and oil and gas market analysis and the downstream petroleum sector. He has written 70 papers and is the author or editor of 24 books and monographs, including Pacific Energy Outlook; Japan's Long-Term Petroleum Supply Strategy: Policy Options for the Government and Industry and Fundamentals of Petroleum Trading; and Developments in the Global Oil Market: Implications for the Asia-Pacific Region. He holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Surrey, England.

Jefferson Fox
“Rethinking Environmental ‘Problems’”

Dr. Jefferson Fox is a Senior Fellow in the program on Environmental Studies at the East-West Center and an affiliate graduate faculty member in Geography and Anthropology at the University of Hawaii. His areas of specialization include land-cover/land-use change, forest fragmentation and degradation, spatial information technologies and society, and community-based management of natural resources.

Dr. Fox’s research seeks to understand land-use and land-cover change in Asia and the possible cumulative impact of these changes on the region and the global environment. He seeks to link land-use and land-cover changes to macro-scale changes in the political economy of each country, and to local-scale impact on different segments of the communities studied. His work also examines the social context of spatial information technology, especially when it is used to help local communities map their land claims as well as their land-use practices. He has been instrumental in establishing GIS/remote sensing laboratories in numerous universities and organizations across the Asia-Pacific region.

Dr. Fox has received grants from the Ford Foundation—to research capacity building for community-based management of natural resources in Asia, as well as resource management in Indonesia—and the National Science Foundation, exploring the influence of forest fragmentation on watershed functions in northern Vietnam. He has led watershed management projects in Nepal and was a Visiting Lecturer in the Geography Department at Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. He obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in Development Studies and speaks Nepali and Bahasa Indonesian.

Eileen Shea
“Climate Change in the Asia Pacific”

Eileen Shea’s research at the East-West Center addresses climate-related challenges and opportunities in the Pacific Islands, including: extreme events and coastal hazards, water resources, coastal community planning and economic development, and public health and safety. She is also interested in exploring issues related to sustainable development in the Asia-Pacific region. She has served as founder and executive director of the Center for the Applications of Research on the Environment (Institute of Global Environment and Society, Inc. in Calverton, MD) and spent 18 years with the U.S. Federal Government working for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), including 10 years as Deputy Director of the NOAA Climate and Global Change Program and experience in the NOAA Budget and Finance and Congressional Affairs offices. She holds a Bachelor’s degree in Marine Biology from the University of Delaware and completed Masters work in environmental law and marine resource management. Her research interests include: Climate assessment and forecast applications; environmental science, assessment, and public policy; societal applications of climate and global change research; ocean and coastal resource management; and science for sustainable development.

Tim Brown
“HIV/AIDS in Asia”

Dr. Brown directs the UNAIDS Collaborating Center at the East-West Center; is a member of the Mapping the AIDS Pandemic Network; an affiliated researcher, Center for AIDS Research, Thai Red Cross Society (since 1989); and a member of the Thai Working Group on HIV/AIDS Projection. He was formerly an assistant professor in electrical engineering, University of Hawaii; adjunct assistant professor in the Program on Computing, Department of Mathematics, University of California, Los Angeles; and applications group manager, AMETEK Computer Research Division in Pasadena, California.
Dr. Brown has done consulting work for several major international organizations, including the World Health Organization, Global Programme on AIDS; United Nations Fund for Population Activities; Thai National Economic and Social Development Board; UNDP Regional Project on HIV and Development; and Save the Children Fund (UK). He has received major research grants from the World Health Organization, the Rockefeller Foundation, and Save the Children (UK). Dr. Brown holds a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Hawaii.

Nancy Lewis
“Gender, Health Risk, and Climate”

Dr. Lewis's research falls within the overlapping fields of human ecology and the geography of health and health care systems. Extensive fieldwork as part of her dissertation research was supplemented by shorter periods in the Pacific Islands, Caribbean, and elsewhere in the developing world. Initially interested in human-environment interactions and resultant patterns of health and disease, her more recent research has focused on mortality patterns in the Pacific, HIV/AIDS, and, most recently, geographic frameworks for expanding the definition of women's health beyond maternal and child health to a more comprehensive definition of women's health.

Dr. Lewis was associate dean of the UH College of Social Sciences from 1993 to 2001. She held an appointment as professor in the UH Department of Geography, which she joined in 1981, and with the UH Center for Pacific Islands Studies. She serves as secretary general of the Pacific Science Association and is president of the Hawaii chapter of Sigma Xi - the Scientific Research Society. She was a W.K. Kellogg National Fellow in 1986-89 and carried out field research in several Pacific island nations as a Fulbright-Hays Doctoral Dissertation Awardee from 1977-79. Her M.A. degree in geography, M.S. degree in health and medical science, and doctorate in geography are from the University of California-Berkeley.
She also had affiliate appointments in women's studies, community health development, urban and regional planning and has served as co-chair of the College of Social Sciences research Committee, research associate in the Social Science Research Institute, adjunct research associate in the former EWC Environment and Policy Institute, and consultant to the Center's Pacific Islands Development Program. She also has served with the International Geographical Union Commission on Health and Development; the International Federation of Institutes for Advanced Study, Gender, Science and Development Programme; the U.S. National Academy of Science Committee for the Pacific Science Association; and the Council for International Exchange of Scholars Geography Advisory Committee for Fulbright Scholars as well as the State Executive Office on Aging Policy Board on Elderly Affairs; and the Board of the UC Berkeley Alumni Association.

Dr. Lewis is a member of the editorial board of The Contemporary Pacific: A Journal of Island Affairs; Pacific Science; and Ethics, Place, and Environment. She is the author or editor of numerous professional publications, including Geographies of Women's Health, published in April by Routledge, London.

David Cohen
“Human Rights and the Asia Pacific”

Dr. David Cohen is the director of the Berkeley War Crimes Studies Center and a professor of rhetoric and classics at UC Berkeley, and was formerly a professor of law and social thought at the University of Chicago. He monitored and reported on the East Timor trials before the Serious Crimes Panel in Dili and the Ad Hoc Human Rights Court in Jakarta. Dr. Cohen also directs an international project on the WWII war crimes trials in Asia, the Pacific, and Europe and is currently engaged in a comparative study of international criminal hybrid tribunals in East Timor, Sierra Leone, Cambodia, and Kosovo. He holds a J.D. from the UCLA School of Law and a Ph.D. from Cambridge University (UK). He is currently writing a book on war crimes trials from WWII to today.

Sumner LaCroix
“Mirages and Miracles” and “Institutional Change and Japan”

Dr. Sumner LaCroix is a Senior Fellow at the East-West Center and professor and chair of the Department of Economics, University of Hawaii. He has been a visiting scholar at the University of California-Berkeley; Alena Wels Hirschorn Visiting Professor, Barnard College, Columbia University; Ford Foundation Professor, Fudan University, China; visiting lecturer, Australian Graduate School of Management; and Fulbright scholar, St. Gallen School of Economics and Social Science. His publications include: The Emerging Patterns of Investment in China from Korea, Taiwan, and Hong Kong and Intellectual Property and APEC. He holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Washington. For further information, please see Dr. LaCroix's University of Hawaii web page.

Dieter Ernst
“Networks of Innovation and Chinese Economic Transformation”

Dr. Dieter Ernst is a Senior Fellow in the economics program at the East-West Center. His previous affiliations include the OECD, Paris (as Senior Advisor), and the Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy (BRIE), University of California at Berkeley (as Research Director), the Center for Technology and Innovation (TIK) at the University of Oslo (as Research Professor), and the Copenhagen Business School (as professor of international management). Dr. Ernst co-chairs an advisory committee for the US Social Science Research Council (SSRC) to develop a new program on Innovation, Business Institutions, and Governance in Asia. He serves on the Committee on Information Technology and International Cooperation (ITIC) of the SSRC. He also serves as International Advisor to the Committee established by the Prime Minister's Science Advisor to set up a National Science Foundation for Malaysia, and as scientific advisor to various institutions, including the United Nations University`s Institute for New Technologies (UNU-INTECH), Maastricht, Netherlands; the Japan Foundation’s Globalization Project, Institute of Social Studies, University of Tokyo; the International Innovation Studies Network (IISN); the International Institute of Educational Planning, UNESCO, Paris; the Society for International Development, Rome; the Norwegian Research Council; the Danish Research Unit on Industrial Dynamics (DRUID); the German Institute for Social Research, Frankfurt am Main; and the United Nations Annual World Investment Report.

Dr. Ernst is widely published on the areas of information technology, globalization, and economic growth. Recent books include Recent books include International Production Networks in Asia. Rivalry or Riches? (London: Routledge Press, 2000) and Technological Capabilities and Export Success - Lessons from East Asia (London: Routledge Press, 1998). He holds a Ph.D. from the Universitaet Bremen in Germany. His research interests include global production network clusters and Industrial Policy Alternatives in the globalizing economy.

Tianshu Chu
“The WTO and China”

Dr. Chu is a Fellow in the program on economics at the East-West Center, specializing in developmental economics in transitioning countries. Her previous affiliations were as visiting assistant lecturer, Department of Economics, Indiana University, and at Purdue University in Indianapolis (1999-2000). Dr. Chu's publications include her doctoral dissertation: Import Substitution and Export Promotion: In Search of a Theory of Economic Development, and her working papers include: What Went Wrong: Data, Evidence, and Theories of Development Strategies; Exit Barriers and Economic Stagnation: The Macro-impact of Government Subsidies to Industries; Vertical specialization and Heterogeneous Entrepreneurs: Can Trade Promote industrialization of Developing Countries? She holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Minnesota (2000).

Muthiah Alagappa
“Legitimacy and Change”

Dr. Muthiah Alagappa is Director of the East-West Center Washington and played an instrumental role in launching the two-year old D.C.-based branch office. He has been a Visiting Professor at Columbia University; a Senior Fellow at the Institute of Strategic and International Studies, Malaysia; and adjunct faculty at the University of Malaya. He serves as the Editor of the Contemporary Issues in the Asia-Pacific EWC book series, published by Stanford University Press, and is on the editorial board of The Pacific Review, The Australian Journal of International Affairs, International Relations of the Asia-Pacific, and Journal of East Asian Studies. He is also a member of the International Advisory Board of Cambridge Asia-Pacific Studies, a book series published by the Research School of Pacific Studies of The Australian National University and Cambridge University Press; the Research Council of the International Forum for Democratic Studies (established by the National Endowment for Democracy); and on the Advisory Board of The Asia Center, Harvard University. Dr. Alagappa received his Ph.D. in international affairs from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University.

Dick Baker
“National Narratives of Indonesia”

Richard W. Baker is Special Assistant to the President at the East-West Center. Previously, he served as Adjunct Senior Fellow and as Director of Studies, coordinating the East-West Center's research program, and was a career officer in the United States Foreign Service from 1967-1987—in Singapore, Indonesia, and Australia, as well as at the Department of State in Washington, D.C. Among his publications, he was the principal editor of "Indonesia, the Challenge of Change," published by the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (Singapore) in 1999 and has been a co-editor of the annual "Asia Pacific Security Outlook" series. He holds a B.A. in Politics and Economics from Yale University and a Master of Public Affairs (in international relations) from the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton University.

Dru Gladney
“Creating Identity”

Dr. Dru Gladney is a professor of Asian Studies and Anthropology at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. He received his Ph.D. in Social Anthropology from the University of Washington, Seattle; has been a Fulbright Research Scholar twice to China and Turkey; and has conducted long-term field research in Western China, Central Asia, and Turkey. Dr. Gladney has authored over 50 academic articles and chapters, as well as the following books: Muslim Chinese: Ethnic Nationalism in the People's Republic (Harvard University Press, 2nd edition 1996); Ethnic Identity in China: The Making of a Muslim Minority Nationality (Wadsworth, 1998); and Making Majorities: Constituting the Nation in Japan, China, Korea, Malaysia, Fiji, Turkey, and the U.S. (Editor, Stanford University Press, 1998). A consultant to the Soros Foundation, Ford Foundation, World Bank, the Getty Museum, SAIC, National Academy of Sciences, the European Center for Conflict Prevention, UNHCR, and UNESCO, Prof. Gladney's research has been regularly featured on CNN, BBC, VOA, National Public Radio, al-Jazeerah, and in Newsweek, Time, Washington Post, Honolulu Advertiser, International Herald Tribune, Los Angeles Times, and The New York Times. Dr. Gladney has served as a Senior Fellow at the East-West Center; Academic Dean of the Asia-Pacific Center; a Kukin Scholar at Harvard University; a Senior Scholar at the Max Planck Institute; a MacArthur Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Studies, Princeton; and a Fellow of King’s College, Cambridge University. His most recent book is: Dislocating China: Muslims, Minorities, and Other Subaltern Subjects (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004). Further information and on-line publications can be found at:

Christopher McNally
“Democratic Transitions” and “China in Transition”

Christopher McNally joined the East-West Center in the year 2000. His research interests include the dynamics of contemporary capitalism in the Asia Pacific, especially the evolution of corporate governance structures and government-business relations; China's economic, financial and enterprise reforms with an emphasis on the rapid development of Chinese private firms; and the implications of China’s growing economic power on the East Asian security environment.

Dr. McNally has had research fellowships at the Asia Research Centre, Murdoch University, West Australia, and the Institute of Asia Pacific Studies, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, as well as two years of fieldwork under the auspices of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences. He received his Ph.D. in political science from the University of Washington.

He has authored numerous publications, including The Significance of Political Networks in China’s Private Sector, The Great Western Development Strategy in Sichuan Province, Strange Bedfellows: Communist Party Institutions and New Governance Mechanisms in Chinese State Holding Corporations, and The Political Dynamics of China’s State Sector Reforms.

Zhongxiang Zhang
“The Kyoto Protocol”

Dr. Zhang joined the East-West Center in October 2001 after working at Dutch universities over the past decade. He is also a part-time professor of economics at both the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and Peking University, Beijing, and an affiliate professor in the Department of Economics at University of Hawaii at Manoa. He serves on the editorial boards of eight international journals (Climate Policy; Energy Policy; Energy and Environment; Environmental Management and Policy; Environmental Science and Policy; International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics; International Journal of Energy, Environment and Economics; Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change) and one Chinese journal.

Dr. Zhang's research focuses on energy and environmental economics, climate economics and policy, trade and the environment, public finance and macroeconomic modeling. He has published numerous articles and recently authored the book The Economics of Energy Policy in China: Implications for Global Climate Change (Edward Elgar, 1998; Click here for Editorial Review ) and co-authored International Rules for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading (United Nations, 1999; Press Release Emissions Trading 101 at the Resources for the Future). Some of his activities were endorsed by Environment Ministers of China, Germany, Taiwan, The Netherlands, and United Kingdom as well as the EU Commissioner for the Environment. He remains involved in a variety of activities with chief climate negotiators from Argentina, Australia, Brazil, China, Germany, India, Mexico, Pakistan, the Netherlands, and the United States. He served on many high level panels , including one with Maurice Strong and Elizabeth Dowdeswell (Executive Director, UNEP) and has served as an expert/consultant to many national and international organizations, including UNCTAD, UNDP, UNEP, UNESCO, OECD, ADB, IPCC, CEC, the World Bank, and WRI; and presented research findings in more than 25 countries over the past six years.

He has been included in Marquis Who's Who in Science and Engineering , Who's Who in America, and Who's Who in the World. He is regularly invited to serve on the conference program committees of the professional associations [e.g., the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (AERE), the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (EAERE), and the International Association for Energy Economics (IAEE)]. Dr. Zhang received his B.S. and M.S. in energy engineering and systems analysis from Tianjin University (China’s oldest university) and a Ph.D. in economics from Wageningen University, the Netherlands.

Kamarulzaman Askandar
“Conflict Resolution”

Dr. Kamarulzaman Askandar is a lecturer in political science at the Universiti Sains Malaysia in Penang, Malaysia, and a specialist in conflict resolution. He is particularly interested in peace studies, conflict resolution, and Southeast Asian international relations. He currently heads the Research and Education for Peace Unit at the Universiti Sains Malaysia, a regional base for the Southeast Asian Conflict Studies Network (SEACSN), which he also helps to coordinate. The SEACSN is a network of individuals and institutions—mainly regional actors—involved in peace and conflict resolution research and practice. It was established in May 2001 with financial support from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) to help find peaceful resolutions to the problems of Southeast Asia. Dr. Askandar is also a member of the Asian Political and International Studies Association (APISA). He holds a B.A. in political science from the University of West Texas; an M.A. in government from the University of Texas; and a Ph.D. in conflict resolution from Bradford University (UK).