The Institutional Origins of Communal Violence: Indonesia's Transition from Authoritarian Rule

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When: Apr 16 2015 - 12:00pm until Apr 16 2015 - 1:30pm
Where: 1819 L Street, NW, Washington, DC, Sixth Floor Conference Room
What:

The Institutional Origins of Communal Violence: Indonesia's Transition from Authoritarian Rule

An Asia Pacific Democracy and Human Rights Seminar featuring:

Yuhki Tajima
Assistant Professor, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Asian Studies Program, Georgetown University

The Institutional Origins of Communal Violence: Indonesia's Transition from Authoritarian Rulea> from East-West Center on Vimeo.


Yuhki Tajima Assistant Professor, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Asian Studies Program, Georgetown University

Why are transitions from authoritarian rule often marked by spikes in communal violence? Through examining Indonesia's recent transition to democracy, this book develops a novel theoretical explanation for this phenomenon that also accounts for why some communities are vulnerable to violence during such transitions while others are able to maintain order. Yuhki Tajima argued that repressive intervention by security forces in Indonesia during the authoritarian period rendered some communities dependent on the state to maintain intercommunal security, whereas communities with a more tenuous exposure to the state developed their own informal institutions to maintain security. As the coercive grip of the authoritarian regime loosened, communities that were more accustomed to state intervention were more vulnerable to spikes in communal violence until they developed informal institutions that were better adapted for less state intervention. To test the theory, Tajima employed extensive fieldwork in, and rigorous statistical evidence from, Indonesia as well as cross-national data.

To order a copy of Professor Tajima's book from Cambridge University Press please click here

 For more images, please visit the album for this event on the East-West Center's Flickr page. 


Yuhki Tajima is Assistant Professor in the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University and a core faculty member of the Asian Studies Program. He is the author of The Institutional Origins of Communal Violence: Indonesia’s Transition from Authoritarian Rule (Cambridge University Press: 2014) and has authored articles in The American Journal of Political Science, The Journal of East Asian Studies, and The World Bank Indonesian Social Development Papers. Professor Tajima's research examines communal violence, insurgencies, post-war societies, criminal gangs, and the political economy of development using qualitative and quantitative methods in Southeast Asia, primarily Indonesia. Much of his research examines questions that have direct policy relevance to issues of conflict and development. His work has been supported by The World Bank, The Asian Development Bank, Innovations for Poverty Action, The Institute for Global Conflict and Cooperation, and The Pacific Rim Research Program. Previously, he was Assistant Professor of Political Science at The University of California, Riverside and an Order, Conflict, and Violence Fellow at Yale University’s MacMillan Center for International Affairs. He has consulted extensively with the World Bank and the United Nations Development Programme and was a researcher at the Federal Reserve Board of Governors. He holds a PhD in Public Policy from Harvard University.

Primary Contact Info:
Name: Sarah Batiuk
Phone: 202-327-9755