Fertility, Family Change and Policy Adjustments in the Czech Republic

Policy Briefs - United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Policy Responses to Low Fertility, No. 6

Publisher: New York: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division; Honolulu: East-West Center
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 2
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The founding of the Czech Republic in 1993, following the collapse of the state-socialist system in the former Czechoslovakia in 1989, ushered in economic liberalization and reforms in social and family policies that led to many new life choices and opportunities for self-realization for young people.

Economic and social changes were accompanied by a massive decline in the total fertility rate (TFR), which fell from 1.89 births per woman in 1990 to an extreme low level of 1.13 births per woman in 1999. Since then the TFR recovered gradually, reaching 1.50 births per woman in 2008. Following a temporary decline during the recent economic recession, total fertility rebounded to 1.53 births per woman in 2014.