Fertility in Australia Has Remained Steady Despite Policy Swings

Policy Briefs - United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Policy Responses to Low Fertility, No. 2

Publisher: New York: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division; Honolulu: East-West Center
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 2
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For the past 40 years, the total fertility rate in Australia has fluctuated within a narrow range of 1.73 and 1.96 births per woman, not far below the replacement level of about 2.1 births per woman. Fertility has remained at this level while the Government has introduced, modified, and in some cases withdrawn, a range of programmes to benefit families with children. With fertility sustained at a moderate level, population policy today is limited to policy on immigration, which is primarily related to labour demand.