Japan's 2010 National Defense Program Guidelines - Reading the Tea Leaves


Adam P. Liff

Asia Pacific Bulletin, No. 89


Washington, D.C.: East-West Center

Publication Date: December 22, 2010
Binding: electronic
Pages: 2
Free Download: PDF


On December 17, Japan's Cabinet published the ten-year defense strategy, known as the National Defense Program Guidelines (NDPG). In response to a rapidly transforming strategic environment, the 2010 NDPG delineates a number of major changes to Japan's basic defense policy and force structure. At the same time, close examination of the document finds Japan's "new" defense strategy to be equally noteworthy for its continuity. Adam P. Liff calls on U.S. policymakers to take note, as both aspects are of considerable significance for Japan's role in Northeast Asia and the world, as well as for its alliance with the United States.

The views expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the policy or position of the East-West Center or any organization with which the author is affiliated.