Japan's Baby Bust: Causes, Implications, and Policy Responses

by Robert D. Retherford and Naohiro Ogawa

East-West Center Working Papers, Population and Health Series, No. 118

Publisher: Honolulu: East-West Center
Publication Date: April 2005
Binding: paper
Pages: 44
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This paper describes the trend in fertility in Japan, analyzes the causes and implications of the baby bust after 1973, and discusses the Japanese government's efforts to raise fertility, which by 2003 had fallen to 1.29 children (i.e., births) per woman, as indicated by the total fertility rate. Also addressed are the questions of why the government's efforts to raise fertility have not been effective and what additional steps the government might take.