Policy Concerns of Low Fertility for Military Planning in South Korea


Elizabeth Hervey Stephen

Asia Pacific Issues, No. 102


Honolulu: East-West Center

Publication Date: November 2011
Binding: paper
Pages: 8
Free Download: PDF


The South Korean military currently is the sixth-largest in the world. But years of low birth rates have resulted in declining numbers of young men available for military service, and the country now faces the pressing question of how to ensure national security in the face of inevitable troop reductions. Some options for offsetting this shrinking recruit pool (such as increasing fertility, increasing immigration, and increasing the number of women in the military) might seem obvious, but the complex economic, social, and cultural reality of South Korea make them unlikely to be embraced. The best focus for immediate action is to stabilize or increase service terms and to encourage development and implementation of high-tech security systems. While the recruit pool appears nearly adequate at present, South Korea must act quickly to develop the leaner, more diverse, and more technologically based military necessary for the country to maintain a viable military force.


The views expressed in this publication are those of the author and not necessarily those of the Center.