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Social Policy at a Crossroads: Trends in Advanced Countries and Implications for Korea

by Sang-Hyop Lee, Andrew Mason, and Kwang-Eon Sul (eds.)

Tiger Books

Publisher: Seoul: Korea Development Institute
Available From: University of Hawaii Press
Publication Date: 2008
ISBN: 978-89-8063-385-2
Binding: paper

 

After successfully surviving the brunt of the Asian economic crisis that began in mid-1997, Korea is now confronting the threat of global economic crisis. In coping with this new crisis, Korea faces many challenges.

Rapidly increasing numbers of elderly and retired people require programs that meet their needs in an equitable way, but do not impose impractical economic burdens on future working-age populations. Family and population policies must boost flagging fertility rates and maintain the work force necessary to support increasingly aging populations. Labor market policies must not only create new employment opportunities but also help the temporarily unemployed to move into jobs.

In addressing these broad areas of social policy, the authors of this book analyze and compare the approaches taken in Western Europe, the United States, Japan, and other OECD countries, in their efforts to meet the needs of aging societies (pension systems and health care for the elderly) and to resolve issues of wealth redistribution and social equity (educational opportunities, appropriate levels of welfare support and housing for lower-income families).

The contributors to this book discuss the likely effects of different social policy choices on future economic development. They hope that their findings and recommendations will provide guidelines for future social policy decisions, in Korea and all countries facing similar challenges.

© Korea Development Institute

 

CONTENTS

List of Figures

List of Tables

List of Contributors

Preface

PART I. SOCIAL POLICY CHALLENGES

1. Introduction and Overview

Sang-Hyop Lee, Andrew Mason, and Kwang-Eon Sul

2. The Effects of Redistribution on Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence and Policy Implications

Youngsun Koh and Heesuk Yun

PART II. AGING AND SOCIAL POLICY

3. European Welfare Reforms: The Social Investment Welfare State

Peter Taylor-Gooby

4. Social Policy in an Aging Society: Trends and Implications

Edward Palmer

5. Population Aging and Sustainability of Korea's National Pension System

Hyungpyo Moon

6. European Responses to the Aging Society

Tito Boeri

7. Japanese Responses to the Ageing Society

Noriyuki Takayama<

8. Aging and Health Policy in Korea

Soonman Kwon

9. Aging and Social Policy: An International Perspective

Andrew Mason, Sang-Hyop Lee, Ronald Lee, and Chong Bum An

PART III. LABOR MARKET ISSUES

10. Active Labor Market Policies: OECD Experiences and Lessons for Korea

Yong-seong Kim

11. An Analysis of Women's Fertility and Labor Supply

Yoonyoung Cho

PART IV. POVERTY AND PUBLIC POLICY

12. Evaluating Public Housing Programs for Low Income Families in Korea

Joonhyuk Song

13. Pursuing Two Rabbits? Excellence and Equity in Education in South Korea

Taejong Kim

14. Public Assistance and Workfare

Colleen K. Chrisinger, Benjamin W. Cowan, John Karl Scholz, and Caleb Z. White