Recent Publications by East-West Center Authors

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Abrigo, Michael R.M., Sang-Hyop Lee, and Donghyun Park (2018). Human capital spending, inequality, and growth in middle-income Asia. Emerging Markets Finance and Trade. 54(6): 1285-1303. This article is also available as Asian Development Bank Economics Working Paper 529.

Data from the National Transfer Accounts indicate that human capital spending has a positive effect on growth, equity, and fiscal balance in Asia.

Brunner, Jessie (2018). Getting to good human trafficking data: Everyday guidelines for frontline practitioners in Southeast Asia. Stanford, California: WS Handa Center for Human Rights and International Justice; Honolulu, Hawaii: East-West Center; West Java, Indonesia: Human Rights Resource Centre.

The guidelines are based on interviews with anti-trafficking practitioners in four Southeast Asian nations, with additional input from international experts on human trafficking and data management. They offer baseline standards and recommendations based on current understanding of good, responsible data practices.

Cho, Dongchui, Takatoshi Ito, and Andrew Mason, eds. (2018). Economic stagnation in Japan: Exploring the causes and remedies of Japanization. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.

Japan's dramatic transformation from economic success story to prime example of economic stagnation offers important policy lessons to advanced countries everywhere. This book assesses a wide range of policy approaches aimed at avoiding stagnation and economic decline.

Ernst, Dieter, and Michael G. Plummer, eds. (2018). Megaregionalism 2.0: Trade and innovation within global networks. World Scientific.

International trade and investment play critical role in fostering sustainable growth and prosperity. Economic policies are needed to ensure that gains and losses from trade are shared by all.

Fox, Jefferson, Tuyen Nghiem, Ham Kimkong, Kaspar Hurni, and Ian G. Baird (2018). Large-scale land concessions, migration, and land use: The paradox of industrial estates in the Red River Delta of Vietnam and rubber plantations of Northeast Cambodia. Land. 7(2), 77; https://doi.org/10.3390/land7020077.

Labor migrations associated with industrial estates in the Red River Delta and rubber plantations in Northeast Cambodia affect land-use practices both at the site of the concession and the places from where the migrants originate.

Ha, Joonkyung, and Sang-Hyop Lee (2018). Population aging and the possibility of a middle-income trap in Asia. Emerging Markets Finance and Trade. 54(6): 1225-38. This article is also available as Asian Development Bank Economics Working Paper 536.

Low fertility in many Asian countries could slow down economic growth and lead to a middle-income trap.

Harwit, Eric (2018). Is 5G wireless technology the next field for Chinese dominance? China-US Focus, 4 April.

If Chinese companies succeed in designing and deploying key technologies for 5G systems, they may reap a whirlwind of profits from a multitude of new technologies and gain unparalleled leverage in areas far beyond their national borders. 

Hurni, Kaspar, and Jefferson Fox (2018). The expansion of tree-based boom crops in mainland Southeast Asia: 2001 to 2014. Journal of Land Use Science. 13(1-2): 198-219.

Between 2003 and 2014, the area planted with rubber more than quadrupled in a region of Southeast Asia more than twice the size of France. Most of this expansion came at the expense of the region's native forests.

Keener, Victoria W., David A. Helweg, Susan Asam, Seema Balwani, Maxine Burkett, Charles Fletcher, Thomas Giambelluca, Zena Grecni, Malia Nobrega-Olivera, Jeffrey J. Polovina and Gordon Tribble (2018). Hawai‘i and US-affiliated Pacific Islands. Chapter 27 in The Fourth National Climate Assessment. Washington, DC: U.S. Global Change Research Program.

Strained freshwater supplies, damaged and compromised coastal infrastructure, coral reef death, and greater stresses on native biodiversity and species are among the major concerns and challenges detailed in the Hawai‘i-Pacific Islands chapter of the fourth official US National Climate Assessment, released today. In economic terms, the impacts add up to billions of dollars.

Mason, Andrew, and Ronald Lee (2018). Intergenerational transfers and the older population. In National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine. Future directions for the demography of aging: Proceedings of a workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, pp.187-214.

Families play a central role in child rearing with large intergenerational transfers of money and time from parents to children. In some societies, intergenerational family transfers are also an important part of the old-age support system. Governments also are heavily involved in intergenerational transfers through public programs for education, health care, and pensions.

Matsukura, Rikiya, Satoshi Shimizutani, Nahoko Mitsuyama, Sang-Hyop Lee, and Naohiro Ogawa (2018 in press). Untapped work capacity among old persons and their potential contributions to the silver dividend in Japan. The Journal of the Economics of Ageing.

Research shows a vast untapped work capacity of the Japanese elderly age 60–79, amounting to more than 11 million workers. Tapping into this work capacity can have a substantial accumulated effect on economic growth in the long term and is unlikely to pose a serious threat to the employment opportunities of the young.

Mora , Camilo, Daniele Spirandelli, Erik C. Franklin, John Lynham, Michael B. Kantar ,Wendy Miles, Charlotte Z. Smith , Kelle Freel, Jade Moy, Leo V. Louis, Evan W. Barba, Keith Bettinger, Abby G. Frazier , John F. Colburn IX, Naota Hanasaki , Ed Hawkins , Yukiko Hirabayashi, Wolfgang Knorr, Christopher M. Little , Kerry Emanuel, Justin Sheffield , Jonathan A. Patz and Cynthia L. Hunter (2018). Broad threat to humanity from cumulative climate hazards intensified by greenhouse gas emissions. Nature Climate Change. Review Article. DOI: 10.1038/s41558-018-0315-6.

This research reveals that society faces a much larger threat from climate change than previous studies have suggested. The systematic review of thousands of scientific papers revealed 467 ways in which climate hazards have already impacted human health. Food, water, economy, “lifeline” infrastructure, and security have been affected by multiple climatic hazards, including warming, drought, heat-waves, wildfires, precipitation, floods, storms, sea level rise and changes in land cover and ocean chemistry.

National Transfer Accounts (2018). What do we learn when we "Count Women's Work"?  NTA Bulletin No.13. Honolulu: East-West Center.

Taking account of unpaid care and housework substantially increases the cost of raising children but also shows that the elderly are not as heavy a burden on their families as sometimes suggested.

Roy, Denny (2018). America’s deep rationale for PACOM. In T. Motohiro, ed. US Pacific Command and Asia: Security in the Indo-Pacific. Tokyo: Chikura Publishing Company.

Roy, Denny (2018). PACOM and the Pentagon. In Tsuchiya T. Motohiro, ed. US Pacific Command and Asia: Security in the Indo-Pacific. Tokyo: Chikura Publishing Company.

Roy, Denny (2018). We will soon miss the Deng era. Dong Hwa Journal of Humanities and Social Science [National Dong Hwa University, Taiwan]. 17.

Saksena, Sumeet, Chinh Cong Tran, and Jefferson Fox (2018). Household cooking fuel use in rural and peri-urban Viet Nam: A multilevel longitudinal analysis of supply side factors. Energy for Sustainable Development. 44:47–54.

In some places in Vietnam the transition from wood to cleaner fuels for household cooking has slowed down due to the government's successful small-holder tree-planting programs. Highway construction and improved access to markets may facilitate households moving to cleaner fuels.

Woods, Kevin (2018). Rubber out of the ashes: Locating Chinese agribusiness investments in "armed sovereignties" in the Myanmar-Chinese borderlands. Territory, Politics, Governance. DOI: 10.1080/21622671.2018.1460276.

The borderland between Myanmar and China has been splintered for decades by fighting among local militias. To assert control, the Myanmar government allocated large tracts of land to private businesses to grow rubber and other crops. This “land grab” has been financed in part by the Chinese government under the guise of a crop-substitution program to reduce the production of heroin.

Recent and Earlier Publications by East-West Center Authors

* Publications on Environmental Issues

* Publications on Population and Health

* Publications on Innovation, Economic Integration, and Growth

* Publications on Governance, Security, and Justice

 

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